About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

  • Released: March 24, 2004
    To address concerns about the adequacy of the current system for protecting child participants in research given a public commitment to expanding pediatric clinical research, the Institute of Medicine convened the Committee on Clinical Research Involving Children.
  • Released: March 24, 2004
    In the report, the committee concluded that there is inadequate information available to sufficiently describe behavioral and social science curriculum content, teaching techniques, and assessment methodologies in U.S. medical schools and recommends development of a new national behavioral and social science database.
  • Released: March 01, 2004
    In 1991, because of continuing uncertainty about the long-term health effects on Vietnam veterans who where exposed to herbicides during their service in Vietnam (mixtures of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), picloram, and cacodylic acid), Congress passed legislation that directed the secretary of veterans affairs to ask the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences (NAS) to perform a comprehensive evaluation of scientific and medical information regarding the health effects of exposure to Agent Orange, other herbicides used in Vietnam, and the various chemical components of those herbicides, including TCDD.
  • Released: March 01, 2004
    Infant formulas are liquids or reconstituted powders fed to infants and young children to serve as substitutes for human milk. Although existing federal guidelines and regulations for evaluating the safety of food ingredients have worked well for conventional substances (e.g., vitamins, minerals), they are not sufficient to address the diversity of potential new ingredients proposed by manufacturers to develop formulas that mimic human milk, says a report from the IOM.
  • Released: February 11, 2004
    The Food and Nutrition Board released the sixth in a series of reports presenting dietary reference values for the intake of nutrients by Americans and Canadians. This new report establishes nutrient recommendations on water, salt and potassium to maintain health and reduce chronic disease risk.
  • Released: February 05, 2004
    The report examines institutional and policy-level strategies - defined as specific policies and programs of health professions schools, their associations and accreditation bodies, health care systems/organizations, and state and federal governments - to increase diversity among health professionals.
  • Released: January 30, 2004
    Grants for research centers located in universities, medical centers, and other nonprofit research institutions account for about nine percent of the NIH budget. Centers are popular with the public, Congress, and organizations representing patients because they can bring visibility, focus, and increased resources to bear on specific diseases. At the request of Congress, the Institute of Medicine of the AffiliateMarketIngtools examined the criteria and procedures used in deciding whether to establish new specialized research centers in NIH Extramural Center Programs: Criteria For Initiation and Evaluation.
  • Released: January 28, 2004
    Meeting Psychosocial Needs of Women with Breast Cancer examines the psychological consequences of the cancer experience. The report focuses specifically on breast cancer in women because this group has the largest survivor population (over two million) and is the most extensively studied cancer from the standpoint of psychological effects.
  • Released: January 27, 2004
    In response to the SARS epidemic and its lingering consequences, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats convened a two-day scientific workshop in the fall of 2003 to consider the lessons that might be drawn from a better understanding of the origin, spread, and eventual control of the first outbreak. Learning from SARS: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak presents an overview of the workshop's proceedings, including presentations from the workshop and an overall summary and assessment of the issues that were raised.
  • Released: January 23, 2004
    Published in the Annals of Neurology Vol 55 No 1 January 2004. We identified 5,345 cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) among US veterans who first entered military service between 1960 and 1994, and who were "service-connected" for MS by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Two controls per case were matched on age, date of service entry, and branch of service. Available for service and VA files were demographic and military data for 4,951 cases and 9,378 controls. Versus white men, relative risk of MS was significantly higher for all women, at 2.99 for whites, 2.86 for blacks, and 3.51 for those of other races.

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