Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Released: June 15, 2004
This report summarizes a two-day workshop held by the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats on October 21–22, 2002, to address the infectious etiology of chronic diseases. Invited experts presented research findings on a range of recognized and potential chronic sequelae of infections, as well as on diverse pathogenic mechanisms leading from exposure to chronic disease outcomes
Released: June 10, 2004
This report from the Institute of Medicine says that one of the biggest problems facing women today is that their access to breast cancer screening is endangered due to a shortage of breast imaging specialists. While new technologies hold promise for increasing the accuracy of breast cancer detection, improving access to mammography and broadening the pool of medical personnel who can interpret mammograms offer the greatest potential for immediately reducing the number of lives lost to breast cancer in the United States.
Released: May 25, 2004
Almost all homes, apartments and commercial buildings will experience leaks, flooding or other forms of excessive indoor dampness at some point. Excessive dampness is not only a problem by itself but also a contributor to several potentially problematic exposures. Molds and other microbial agents favor damp indoor environments, and excess moisture may initiate chemical emissions from damaged building materials and furnishings. This book by the Institute of Medicine examines the health impact of exposures resulting from damp indoor environments and offers recommendations for public health interventions.
Released: May 14, 2004
This eighth and final report of the Immunization Safety Review Committee examines the hypothesis that vaccines, specifically the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and thimerosal-containing vaccines, are causally associated with autism. The committee reviewed the extant published and unpublished epidemiological studies regarding causality and studies of potential biologic mechanisms by which these immunizations might cause autism. The committee concludes that the body of epidemiological evidence favors rejection of a causal relationship between the MMR vaccine and autism.
Released: May 13, 2004
In the late 1990s, the number of deaths from AIDS dropped 43% as a result of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Unfortunately, the complex system in place for financing and delivering publicly financed HIV care undermines the significant advances that have been made in the development of new technologies to treat it. This IOM report, Public Financing and Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care: Securing the Legacy of Ryan White, examines the current standard of care for HIV patients and assesses the extent the system currently used for financing and delivering care allows individuals with HIV to actually receive it.
Released: April 27, 2004
The Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats will host the public workshop Pandemic Influenza: Assessing Capabilities for Prevention and Response on June 16 and 17, 2004, in , D.C. Through invited presentations and discussion, this workshop will aim to inform the Forum, the public, and policymakers of the likelihood of an influenza pandemic and to explore the issues that must be resolved now to prepare and protect the global community.
Released: April 26, 2004
An IOM report, titled Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in Physiological and Cognitive Performance during Military Operations, examines current and needed technologies and information that will provide information for command decisions relative to the physiological and psychological "readiness" of each combat service member. Specifically, the report identifies the most promising biomarkers for the prediction of health deterioration, tools for monitoring metabolic status in the field, algorithms to interpret data, and current research investments that may lead to revolutionary advances.
Released: April 21, 2004
The poisoning death rate increased by 56 percent between 1990 and 2001 and poisoning was the second leading cause of injury-related mortality, accounting for an estimated 30,800 deaths annually in 2001.
Released: April 08, 2004
Nearly half of all American adults--90 million people--have difficulty understanding and using health information, and there is a higher rate of hospitalization and use of emergency services among patients with limited health literacy, says a report from the Institute of Medicine titled Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion. Limited health literacy may lead to billions of dollars in avoidable health care costs. A concerted effort by the public health and health care systems, the education system, the media, and health care consumers is needed to improve the nation's health literacy, the report says.
Released: April 01, 2004
Although vitamin and supplement manufacturers are restricted from claiming that using their products leads to therapeutic benefits, surveys show that many people take supplements for purposes such as treating colds or alleviating depression. According to other survey data, the majority of consumers believe these products to be either reasonably or completely safe. To bolster the FDA's ability to evaluate the safety of dietary supplements, the Institute of Medicine report Dietary Supplements: A Framework for Evaluating Safety outlines a science-based process for assessing supplement ingredients, even when data about a substance's safety in humans is scarce.