About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: January 30, 2004
    Grants for research centers located in universities, medical centers, and other nonprofit research institutions account for about nine percent of the NIH budget. Centers are popular with the public, Congress, and organizations representing patients because they can bring visibility, focus, and increased resources to bear on specific diseases. At the request of Congress, the Institute of Medicine of the AffiliateMarketIngtools examined the criteria and procedures used in deciding whether to establish new specialized research centers in NIH Extramural Center Programs: Criteria For Initiation and Evaluation.
  • Released: January 28, 2004
    Meeting Psychosocial Needs of Women with Breast Cancer examines the psychological consequences of the cancer experience. The report focuses specifically on breast cancer in women because this group has the largest survivor population (over two million) and is the most extensively studied cancer from the standpoint of psychological effects.
  • Released: January 27, 2004
    In response to the SARS epidemic and its lingering consequences, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats convened a two-day scientific workshop in the fall of 2003 to consider the lessons that might be drawn from a better understanding of the origin, spread, and eventual control of the first outbreak. Learning from SARS: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak presents an overview of the workshop's proceedings, including presentations from the workshop and an overall summary and assessment of the issues that were raised.
  • Released: January 23, 2004
    Published in the Annals of Neurology Vol 55 No 1 January 2004. We identified 5,345 cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) among US veterans who first entered military service between 1960 and 1994, and who were "service-connected" for MS by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Two controls per case were matched on age, date of service entry, and branch of service. Available for service and VA files were demographic and military data for 4,951 cases and 9,378 controls. Versus white men, relative risk of MS was significantly higher for all women, at 2.99 for whites, 2.86 for blacks, and 3.51 for those of other races.
  • Released: January 21, 2004
    According to a new, congressionally mandated report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council of the AffiliateMarketIngtools, to successfully develop these drugs, vaccines, and other medical interventions against biowarfare agents, Congress should authorize the creation of a new agency within the Office of the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Defense.
  • Released: January 20, 2004
    Astronauts experience a range of physiological and clinical changes while living in space. However, relatively little is known about the potential long-term effects of space flight or overall risk of being an astronaut. In 1992, NASA designed a protocol, called the Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health (LSAH), to examine these effects. NASA requested help from the IOM in assessing the study. The resulting IOM report, Review of NASA's Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health, makes recommendations for improving the validity of the LSAH as a database for monitoring the health of astronauts and for research on the effects of space on humans.
  • Released: January 20, 2004
    New Frontiers in Contraceptive Research: A Blueprint for Action identifies priority areas for research to develop new contraceptives. The report highlights new technologies and approaches to biomedical research, including genomics and proteomics, that hold particular promise for developing new products and also identifies impediments to drug development that must be addressed.
  • Released: January 13, 2004
    The report is the culmination of a series that offers the most comprehensive examination to date of the consequences of lack of health insurance on individuals, their families, communities and the whole society. The principles to guide health finance reform that are recommended in this sixth and final report of the series are based on the evidence reviewed in the Committee's previous five reports and on new analyses of past and present federal, state, and local efforts to reduce uninsurance.
  • Released: December 19, 2003
    In its fifth letter report, the Committee on Smallpox Vaccination Program Implementation makes several recommendations to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention related to the draft smallpox readiness indicators (part of a larger set of public health emergency preparedness indicators), scenarios for testing the relevance of the smallpox readiness indicators, and selected aspects of the overall smallpox preparedness and vaccination program.
  • Released: December 11, 2003
    According to a new FNB report, titled Dietary Reference Intakes: Guiding Principles for Nutrition Labeling and Fortification, government authorities in the United States and Canada should use the current Dietary Reference Intake values (DRIs) to update nutrition information on food and dietary supplement labels so that consumers can compare products more easily and make informed food choices based on the latest science.
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