About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: August 15, 2007
    All pharmaceutical products have inherent risks, and their use involves trade-offs between these risks and their therapeutic benefits. However, the public has a limited understanding of this trade-off, and many individuals believe that drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration carry no risks. Assessing, managing, and communicating the benefit–risk profile of a pharmaceutical product is a complex and nuanced scientific, political, and sociological challenge.
  • Released: July 27, 2007
    Because of continuing uncertainty about the long-term health effects of the sprayed herbicides on Vietnam veterans, Congress passed the Agent Orange Act of 1991. The legislation directed the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to request the Institute of Medicine of the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences (NAS) to perform a comprehensive evaluation of scientific and medical information regarding the health effects of exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used in Vietnam. Mandated updates to the original study were to be conducted every 2 years for 10 years. Veterans and Agent Orange, Update 2006 is the seventh report in this series.
  • Released: June 29, 2007
    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) contracted with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to establish an ad hoc committee to review the NIOSH-sponsored Anthrotech report entitled, “Assessment of the NIOSH Head-and-Face Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Respirator Users.” The IOM committee examined the adequacy and validity of the NIOSH study, the data collected, and the recommended revisions to the set of facial characteristics that are to be used in testing the fit of respirators.
  • Released: June 25, 2007
    The workshop provided an opportunity to explore some of the most pressing research and preparedness needs related to the health risks of Hurricane Katrina and also a chance to discuss the larger issues for scientific collaboration during a disaster of this magnitude.
  • Released: June 25, 2007
    The Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop and released the summary entitled, Green Healthcare Institutions; Health, Environment, and Economics. The workshop focused on the environmental and health impacts related to the design, construction, and operation of healthcare facilities, which are part of one of the largest service industries in the United States. This is an opportunity of great promise, but more information about the complexities involved in building a green facility is needed.
  • Released: June 11, 2007
    In order to focus on the profound ethical and legal issues inherent in various pandemic disease mitigation approaches, that are being proposed domestically and internationally, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop and released the workshop summary entitled Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease.
  • Released: June 07, 2007
    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) uses a rating system, known as the Rating Schedule, to determine compensation for veterans who have acquired or aggravated injuries and diseases during military service. As requested by the Veterans’ Disability Benefits Commission, the Institute of Medicine has issued the report, A 21st Century System for Evaluating Veterans for Disability Benefits, which examines and recommends improvements in the medical evaluation and rating of veterans for the benefits provided by the VA.
  • Released: June 06, 2007
    Public health efforts have resulted in tremendous improvements in the health of individuals and communities through preventive health services, vaccines, improved sanitation and hygiene, safer workplaces, and enhanced food and drug safety. However, despite the achievements of public health, there is a growing shortage of public health workers, including a critical shortage of public health physicians, and many public health workers are inadequately prepared to face today’s public health challenges.
  • Released: May 30, 2007
    The Shipboard Hazard and Defense Project (SHAD) was a series of tests conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense during the 1960s to determine how well service members aboard military ships could detect and respond to chemical and biological attacks. Although many of the roughly 5,500 veterans who took part were aware of the tests, some were involved without their knowledge. The report, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, finds no clear evidence that specific long-term health effects are associated with participation in Project SHAD.
  • Released: May 23, 2007
    The focus of the workshop was to bring people together from various arenas to discuss quality improvement—what it is, what barriers against it must be overcome in the health care industry, and what research has been done on it.
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