About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: August 08, 2008
    Growing interest in publicly funded programs for young children has drawn attention to whether and how Head Start and other early childhood programs should be asked to prove their worth. Congress asked the National Research Council for guidance on how to identify important outcomes for children from birth to age 5 and how best to assess them in preschools, child care, and other early childhood programs. The Research Council's new report concludes that well-planned assessments can inform teaching and efforts to improve programs and can contribute to better outcomes for children, but poor assessments or misuse of the results can harm both children and programs. The report offers principles to guide the design, implementation, and use of assessments in early childhood settings.
  • Released: July 30, 2008
    In response to veterans' ongoing concerns and recent publications in the literature, IOM updated its report, Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, and Vaccines. In this most recent report, the committee concluded that there is still not enough evidence to determine whether exposure to depleted uranium is associated with long-term health problems.
  • Released: July 30, 2008
    Depleted uranium, a component of some weapons systems, has been in use by the U.S. military since the 1991 Gulf War. Military personnel have been exposed to depleted uranium as the result of friendly fire incidents, cleanup and salvage operations, and proximity to burning depleted uranium-containing tanks and ammunition. Under a Congressional mandate, the Department of Defense sought guidance from the Institute of Medicine in evaluating the feasibility and design of an epidemiologic study that would assess health outcomes of exposure to depleted uranium.
  • Released: July 10, 2008
    The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) conduct an independent assessment of the IPTi efficacy studies using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTi-SP) that have been previously conducted by the IPTi Consortium. The IOM convened a committee to evaluate the evidence concerning IPTi-SP, which included addressing issues related to its utility and safety, as well as program management aspects of IPTi. The resulting letter report contains the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the IOM committee.
  • Released: July 03, 2008
    The newly released Institute of Medicine report, Review of NASA’s Human Research Program Evidence Books: A Letter Report, examines NASA’s plans to assemble the available evidence on human health risks of spaceflight and to move forward in identifying and addressing gaps in research.
  • Released: June 24, 2008
    The Personal Protective Technology Program at NIOSH is the fifth report in the series Reviews of Research Programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
  • Released: June 19, 2008
    The Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health, established in 2007, held its first workshop to address the following questions: (1) Are there different pathways by which new scientific findings move from the research setting into health care? (2) If so, what are the implications of those different pathways for genomics? (3) What can we learn from the translation of other new technologies as we seek to understand the translation of genome science into health care?
  • Released: June 17, 2008
    In early 2007, the Institute of Medicine convened the Roundtable on Health Disparities to increase the visibility of racial and ethnic health disparities as a national problem, to further the development of programs and strategies to reduce disparities, to foster the emergence of leadership on this issue, and to track promising activities and developments in health care that could lead to dramatically reducing or eliminating disparities
  • Released: June 11, 2008
    The Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Review of Priorities in the National Vaccine Plan has prepared a letter report entitled Initial Guidance for an Update of the National Vaccine Plan: A Letter Report to the National Vaccine Program Office, for the Department of Health and Human Services National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO). The report provides initial guidance, partly based on a review of the 1994 plan, on the development of the update to the National Vaccine Plan.
  • Released: June 09, 2008
    The use of dietary supplements has become increasingly popular among members of the military. While some supplements may provide benefits to health, others could carry adverse effects that might compromise the readiness and performance of service members. The U.S. Department of Defense, the Samueli Institute, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional support from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the use of dietary supplements by military personnel, recommending a framework to identify the need for management of dietary supplement use within the military, and developing an approach to report adverse health events.
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