About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: March 31, 2011
    At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. The IOM finds that to advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research.
  • Released: March 24, 2011
    Tuberculosis (TB) kills approximately 4,500 people worldwide every day. While most cases of TB can be treated with antibiotics, some strains have developed drug resistance that makes their treatment more expensive, more toxic and less effective for the patient. The IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation and the Academy of Science of South Africa held a workshop to discuss ways to fight the growing threat of drug-resistant TB.
  • Released: March 23, 2011
    Healthcare providers may rely on clinical practice guidelines, in addition to their knowledge, skills, experience, and patient preferences, when faced with difficult decisions when treating patients. Clinical practice guidelines are statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care that are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and harms of alternative care options. At the request of the U.S. Congress, the IOM developed eight standards for developing rigorous, trustworthy clinical practice guidelines.
  • Released: March 23, 2011
    Healthcare decision makers—including clinicians and other healthcare providers—increasingly turn to systematic reviews for reliable, evidence-based comparisons of health interventions. Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies and can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. In this report, the IOM recommends standards for systematic reviews of the comparative effectiveness of medical or surgical interventions.
  • Released: March 18, 2011
    Historically, researchers studying how families affect children’s health and development have used methods that best assess traditional family structures--two married, biological parents. But with the definition of “family” rapidly expanding, researchers are considering how to modify their approach. The IOM held a workshop July 13-14, 2010, to examine the methodologies used in research on families and opportunities to improve our understanding of family influences on child outcomes.
  • Released: March 17, 2011
    Researchers have long observed food insecurity— difficulty providing food for all one’s family members, known as hunger in its most severe form —and obesity occurring together in the same communities, families, and individuals. But the relationship of these two problems is not well-understood. The IOM held a workshop November 16-18, 2010, to explore the relationship between food insecurity and obesity, the current state of the research, and the data and analyses needed to better understand their relationship.
  • Released: March 17, 2011
    Increased HIV screening may help identify more people with the disease, but there may not be enough resources to provide them with the care they need. The IOM Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care concludes that more practitioners must be trained in HIV/AIDS care and treatment and their hospitals, clinics, and health departments must receive sufficient funding to meet a growing demand for care.
  • Released: March 15, 2011
    For the past three decades, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has issued a national agenda aimed at improving the health of all Americans over each 10-year span. At the request of HHS, the IOM identified a set of leading health indicators that could be used by Healthy People 0 and developed a conceptual framework within which the topics, indicators, and objectives would be developed or selected.
  • Released: March 10, 2011
    Nearly nine out of 10 adults have difficulty using everyday health information to make good health decisions. The IOM Roundtable on Health Literacy held a meeting on May 27, 2010, to explore areas for research in health literacy, the relationship between health literacy and health disparities, and ways to apply information technology to improve health literacy.
  • Released: February 28, 2011
    Technological advances are altering the way cancer research is conducted and cancer care is delivered, and research increasingly is an international effort. At the same time, research budgets are shrinking and the cost of care is growing. The National Cancer Policy Summit brought together leaders in the cancer community to discuss these changes in research and care. Participants suggested many potential actions to provide more patient-centered cancer care, foster more collaboration, and achieve other goals to improve research and care.
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