About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: April 25, 2011
    Despite the fact that the U.S. government currently supports hundreds of data sets and measures through federal surveys and administrative data systems, the United States lacks robust national- and state-level information about the health status or health care quality of children and adolescents, particularly in areas that could provide guidance to policy makers and health care providers. At the request of Congress, the IOM and National Research Council evaluated the state of efforts to measure child and adolescent health and the quality of their health care services.
  • Released: April 20, 2011
    A single tick bite can have debilitating consequences. Lyme disease is the most common disease carried by ticks in the United States, and the number of those afflicted is growing steadily. If left untreated, the diseases carried by ticks—known as tick-borne diseases—can cause severe pain, fatigue, neurological problems, and other serious health problems. The IOM held a workshop October 11-12, 2010, to examine the state of the science in Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases.
  • Released: April 20, 2011
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for up to one-third of combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to some estimates. TBI is also a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports. At the request of the Department of Defense, the IOM examined the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI.
  • Released: April 08, 2011
    Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) presents a number of significant challenges in terms of controlling its spread, diagnosing patients quickly and accurately, and using drugs to treat patients effectively. In Russia in recent decades, the rise of these strains of TB, resistant to standard antibiotic treatment, has been exacerbated by the occurrence of social, political, and economic upheavals. The IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation, in conjunction with the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences held a workshop to discuss ways to fight the growing threat of drug-resistant TB.
  • Released: April 08, 2011
    Though it is highly preventable, tooth decay is a common chronic disease in the United States and one of the most common diseases worldwide. Individuals and many health care professionals remain unaware of the risk factors and preventive approaches for this and many other oral diseases, and they do not fully appreciate how oral health affects overall health and well-being. In this report, the IOM highlights the vital role that HHS can play in improving oral health and oral health care in the United States if HHS’s efforts have clearly articulated goals; are coordinated effectively and adequately funded; and have high-level accountability.
  • Released: March 31, 2011
    At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. The IOM finds that to advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research.
  • Released: March 24, 2011
    Tuberculosis (TB) kills approximately 4,500 people worldwide every day. While most cases of TB can be treated with antibiotics, some strains have developed drug resistance that makes their treatment more expensive, more toxic and less effective for the patient. The IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation and the Academy of Science of South Africa held a workshop to discuss ways to fight the growing threat of drug-resistant TB.
  • Released: March 23, 2011
    Healthcare providers may rely on clinical practice guidelines, in addition to their knowledge, skills, experience, and patient preferences, when faced with difficult decisions when treating patients. Clinical practice guidelines are statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care that are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and harms of alternative care options. At the request of the U.S. Congress, the IOM developed eight standards for developing rigorous, trustworthy clinical practice guidelines.
  • Released: March 23, 2011
    Healthcare decision makers—including clinicians and other healthcare providers—increasingly turn to systematic reviews for reliable, evidence-based comparisons of health interventions. Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies and can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. In this report, the IOM recommends standards for systematic reviews of the comparative effectiveness of medical or surgical interventions.
  • Released: March 18, 2011
    Historically, researchers studying how families affect children’s health and development have used methods that best assess traditional family structures--two married, biological parents. But with the definition of “family” rapidly expanding, researchers are considering how to modify their approach. The IOM held a workshop July 13-14, 2010, to examine the methodologies used in research on families and opportunities to improve our understanding of family influences on child outcomes.
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