Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Released: October 04, 2002
The terrorist attacks in the fall 2001 have renewed concerns about possible outbreaks of smallpox resulting from its use as a biological weapon. In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reviewed and updated its primary strategy for control and containment of smallpox in the event of an outbreak and the government is increasing the amount of available vaccine. Convened at the request of the CDC, this report summarizes the discussions of a one-day conference on the scientific, clinical, and procedural aspects of various smallpox vaccination strategies regarding who should be vaccinated and when.
Released: October 03, 2002
Broader federal oversight is needed to ensure that all people who take part in research studies, regardless of whether they are publicly or privately funded, have the same necessary protections for their health and well-being, says the report, Responsible Research: A Systems Approach to Protecting Research Participants.
Released: September 27, 2002
Research has extensively documented the pervasiveness of racial and ethnic disparities in health care. In 1999, as part of a national effort to eliminate health care disparities, Congress required the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to produce an annual report to be called the National Healthcare Disparitites Report (NHDR). In this report, titled Guidance for the National Healthcare Disparities Report, an IOM committee was asked to provide guidance to AHRQ to help fulfill the potential of the NHDR.
Released: September 05, 2002
This new report establishes ranges for fat, carbohydrates and protein and stresses the importance of balancing diet with exercise.
Released: July 28, 2002
DHHS asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to assist in assessing the effectiveness of the MMRS program by developing appropriate evaluation methods, tools, and processes to assess both its own management of the program and local preparedness in the cities that have participated in the program.
Released: July 25, 2002
Although dying is a part of life, a child's death, in a very real sense, is unnatural and has a devastating and enduring impact. Over 50,000 children die each year. This report builds on two earlier IOM reports - Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life (1997) and Improving Palliative Care for Cancer (2001). It continues their arguments that medical and other support for people with fatal or potentially fatal conditions often falls short of what is reasonably if not simply attainable.
Released: July 24, 2002
Use of dietary supplements has increased significantly over the past decade. While these products are presumed safe when used by consumers, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has no authority to require specific safety studies be done prior to the products' appearance on the market. Current laws require that FDA prove a supplement is unsafe in order to remove it from the marketplace. At the request of FDA, Food and Nutrition Board committee has proposed a scientifically based approach to be used by FDA for prioritizing and evaluating dietary supplement ingredients on the basis of available information on safety.
Released: July 19, 2002
The workshop summary report explores the principles underlying the biological challenges, medical interventions, the continuing research agenda, and operational considerations for post-immunization strategies for vaccine-preventable viral diseases, and highlights important efforts that may facilitate wise decision making.
Released: July 15, 2002
This report focuses on the research environment and attempts to define and describe those elements that allow and encourage unique individuals, regardless of their role in the research organization or their backgrounds on entry, to act with integrity.
Released: July 06, 2002
Communication interventions intended to affect health behavior are an increasingly important strategy for improving the health of the American people. However, effective communication is highly dependent upon the social and cultural milieu that shapes the individuals, families, and communities that are the intended recipients. Because we live in an increasingly diverse nation, it is important to understand more fully how these different messages should be constructed and delivered. This report, Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication Strategies for Diverse Populations, addresses the challenge of improving health communications in a racially and culturally diverse society.