About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: September 15, 2006
    Foodborne agents have been estimated to cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,200 deaths in the United States each year. In order to examine issues critical to the protection of the nation’s food supply, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on October 25 and 26, 2005, in , D.C. to explore existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of foodborne threats to health.
  • Released: June 23, 2006
    The Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the public workshop Ending the War Metaphor: The Future Agenda for Unraveling the Host-Microbe Relationship, aimed to inform the Forum, the public, and policymakers of the dynamic host-microbe-environment relationships.
  • Released: April 10, 2006
    Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways -- leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. However, coordinated global efforts are needed to reduce the growing risk that new advances in these areas will be used to make novel biological weapons or misused by careless groups and individuals. The report recommends multidisciplinary measures to identify and mitigate such dangers over the next five to 10 years.
  • Released: March 03, 2006
    As transborder mobility of humans, animals, food, and feed products increases, so does the threat of the spread of dangerous pathogens and infectious disease. While new global markets have created unprecedented economic opportunities and growth, the benefits have not been equally distributed, and the risks--especially the health risks--of our increasingly interconnected and fast-paced world continue to grow. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Microbial Threats conducted a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases.
  • Released: February 24, 2006
    A workshop was held June 12-13, 2003, in which presentations and discussion addressed the practical application of technologies, methodologies, and practices related to infectious disease surveillance, prevention, research, and control.
  • Released: October 31, 2005
    Concern for the over 40 million people infected with HIV and others at risk of infection or otherwise affected through the impact on their families and communities moved the US Congress on behalf of the American people to pass in May 2003 an unprecedented $15 billion international public health initiative--the US Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act. Congress mandated that the Institute of Medicine review the groundbreaking initiative created by the legislation--the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
  • Released: September 01, 2005
    Roughly 120 million people and millions of tons of cargo pass through America's 474 airports, seaports, and border crossing stations every year. There is a risk that some of those people or goods may harbor infectious microbes that could lead to outbreaks of naturally occurring diseases, or that they may carry dangerous biological agents intended for a terrorist attack. Quarantine Stations at Ports of Entry Protecting the Public's Health recommends ways to improve the quarantine system's ability to protect against the accidental or intentional importation of infectious agents.
  • Released: May 01, 2005
    As part of its study, the committee held a workshop at the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica (National Institute of Public Health) in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in September 2004. The purpose of the workshop was to sample global perspectives on the current advancing technology landscape.
  • Released: April 27, 2005
    The committee concluded that it was time for a change in the WIC food packages and the report provides details on the proposed new food packages, summarizes how the proposed packages differ from current packages, and discusses the rationale for the proposed packages.
  • Released: April 19, 2005
    Healers Abroad: Americans Responding to the Human Resource Crisis in HIV/AIDS, recommends that the federal government create and fund an umbrella organization called the United States Global Health Service (GHS) to mobilize the nation's best health care professionals and other experts to help combat HIV/AIDS in hard-hit African, Caribbean, and Southeast Asian countries.
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