Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Released: April 10, 2006
Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways -- leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. However, coordinated global efforts are needed to reduce the growing risk that new advances in these areas will be used to make novel biological weapons or misused by careless groups and individuals. The report recommends multidisciplinary measures to identify and mitigate such dangers over the next five to 10 years.
Released: March 03, 2006
As transborder mobility of humans, animals, food, and feed products increases, so does the threat of the spread of dangerous pathogens and infectious disease. While new global markets have created unprecedented economic opportunities and growth, the benefits have not been equally distributed, and the risks--especially the health risks--of our increasingly interconnected and fast-paced world continue to grow. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Microbial Threats conducted a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases.
Released: February 24, 2006
A workshop was held June 12-13, 2003, in which presentations and discussion addressed the practical application of technologies, methodologies, and practices related to infectious disease surveillance, prevention, research, and control.
Released: October 31, 2005
Concern for the over 40 million people infected with HIV and others at risk of infection or otherwise affected through the impact on their families and communities moved the US Congress on behalf of the American people to pass in May 2003 an unprecedented $15 billion international public health initiative--the US Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act. Congress mandated that the Institute of Medicine review the groundbreaking initiative created by the legislation--the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
Released: September 01, 2005
Roughly 120 million people and millions of tons of cargo pass through America's 474 airports, seaports, and border crossing stations every year. There is a risk that some of those people or goods may harbor infectious microbes that could lead to outbreaks of naturally occurring diseases, or that they may carry dangerous biological agents intended for a terrorist attack. Quarantine Stations at Ports of Entry Protecting the Public's Health recommends ways to improve the quarantine system's ability to protect against the accidental or intentional importation of infectious agents.
Released: May 01, 2005
As part of its study, the committee held a workshop at the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica (National Institute of Public Health) in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in September 2004. The purpose of the workshop was to sample global perspectives on the current advancing technology landscape.
Released: April 27, 2005
The committee concluded that it was time for a change in the WIC food packages and the report provides details on the proposed new food packages, summarizes how the proposed packages differ from current packages, and discusses the rationale for the proposed packages.
Released: April 19, 2005
Healers Abroad: Americans Responding to the Human Resource Crisis in HIV/AIDS, recommends that the federal government create and fund an umbrella organization called the United States Global Health Service (GHS) to mobilize the nation's best health care professionals and other experts to help combat HIV/AIDS in hard-hit African, Caribbean, and Southeast Asian countries.
Released: January 18, 2005
A significant vehicle for the spread of disease today is the speed and volume of international and transcontinental travel, commerce, and human migration. These trends and the risk of bioterrorism have prompted the U.S. government to expand efforts to prevent communicable diseases of public health significance from being imported into the United States. The CDC's Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) has asked the IOM to examine the proposed quarantine station expansion plans and recommend how the system should evolve to meet public health needs of the 21st century.
Released: November 16, 2004
There has been increased concern about the prospect of an influenza pandemic, which many experts believe to be inevitable. Yet the general public does not appear to share this perception, especially in the shadow of equally scary but less likely risks of a bioterrorist attack. Moreover, recent problems with the availability and strain-specificity of vaccine for annual flu epidemics in some countries and the rise of pandemic strains of avian flu in disparate geographic regions have alarmed experts about the world's ability to prevent or contain a human pandemic. The workshop summary, The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: Are We Ready? A Workshop Summary, addresses this urgent concern.