About Publications

Publications from the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes We Treat You (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Released: November 06, 2006
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a progressive and nearly always fatal disease that affects a person’s nervous system. Several recent epidemiologic studies have reported an association between development of ALS and prior service in the US military. The Department of Veterans Affairs asked the Institute of Medicine to conduct an independent assessment of the potential relationship between military service and ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Veterans: Review of the Scientific Literature reports that there is limited and suggestive evidence of an association between military service and later development of ALS.
  • Released: November 03, 2006
    In 1998, the IOM began a series of congressionally-mandated studies to examine the scientific and medical literature on the potential health effects of chemical and biological agents related to the 1991 Gulf War. Gulf War and Health: Volume 5. Infectious Disease, evaluates, and summarizes the peer-reviewed scientific and medical literature on long-term adverse human health effects associated with selected infectious diseases pertinent to Gulf War veterans. The infectious diseases include, but are not limited to, diseases caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli, shigellosis, leishmaniasis, and sandfly fever.
  • Released: September 15, 2006
    The sharing of contaminated injecting equipment has become a driving force behind the global AIDS epidemic and is the primary mode of HIV transmission in many countries, particularly throughout Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and significant parts of Asia. In response to this crisis, in 2005 the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation commissioned the Institute of Medicine to evaluate strategies for preventing HIV transmission among injecting drug users.
  • Released: June 23, 2006
    The Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the public workshop Ending the War Metaphor: The Future Agenda for Unraveling the Host-Microbe Relationship, aimed to inform the Forum, the public, and policymakers of the dynamic host-microbe-environment relationships.
  • Released: June 16, 2006
    The committee found that PTSD is a well characterized medical disorder and that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for diagnosing PTSD are evidence-based, widely accepted, and widely used. According to the committee’s report, PTSD should be diagnosed and assessed by a health professional with experience in diagnosing psychiatric disorders (e.g., primary care physicians, nurses, social workers) using the DSM-IV criteria.
  • Released: June 06, 2006
    This Institute of Medicine committee was charged with evaluating the evidence relevant to the causation of cancers of the pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, and colon and rectum by asbestos and with judging whether the evidence is sufficient to infer a causal association.
  • Released: May 25, 2006
    Recognizing the great complexity and expense of the mission to develop a malaria vaccine for the U.S. military in an era of scarce resources, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a programmatic review of the military Plasmodium falciparum malaria vaccine research and development program. This review recommends ways to overcome barriers to vaccine development and to streamline the department’s research efforts.
  • Released: May 02, 2006
    After examining a wide range of proposals to increase rates of organ donation, the report Organ Donation: Opportunities for Action urges federal agencies, nonprofit groups, and others to boost opportunities for people to record their decisions to donate, strengthen efforts to educate the public about the benefits of organ donation, and continue to improve donation systems.
  • Released: April 26, 2006
    Based on the assumption that efforts to produce and stockpile sufficient supplies of disposable masks and/or respirators may fall short in the event of a pandemic, the US Department of Health and Human Services requested that an IOM committee examine issues relative to the potential reuse of medical masks and N95 respirators in the event of an influenza pandemic.
  • Released: April 06, 2006
    This brief summary highlights the recurring themes that emerged from the symposium for accelerating change and moving forward with obesity prevention efforts.
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