The AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance
 
 
Public Law
: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016
: 114-113
Session: 114th Congress (First Session)

The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain references to and studies for The AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)

HR9 Dent (R-Pa.) 12/18/15
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)
[M]aking appropriations for military construction, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes.
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DIVISION A—AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

 

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TITLE VII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

(INCLUDING RESCISSIONS AND TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

 

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Sec. 735. (a) Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall engage the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Medicine to conduct a comprehensive study of the entire process used to establish the Advisory Committee for the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the subsequent development of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, most recently revised pursuant to section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341). The panel of the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Medicine selected to conduct the study shall include a balanced representation of individuals with broad experiences and viewpoints regarding nutritional and dietary information.

(b) The study required by subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) An analysis of each of the following:

(A) How the Dietary Guidelines for Americans can better prevent chronic disease, ensure nutritional sufficiency for all Americans, and accommodate a range of individual factors, including age, gender, and metabolic health.

(B) How the advisory committee selection process can be improved to provide more transparency, eliminate bias, and include committee members with a range of viewpoints.

(C) How the Nutrition Evidence Library is compiled and utilized, including whether Nutrition Evidence Library reviews and other systematic reviews and data analysis are conducted according to rigorous and objective scientific standards.

(D) How systematic reviews are conducted on longstanding Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendations, including whether scientific studies are included from scientists with a range of viewpoints.

(2) Recommendations to improve the process used to establish the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and to ensure the Dietary Guidelines for Americans reflect balanced sound science.

(c) There is hereby appropriated $1,000,000 to conduct the study required by subsection (a).


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DIVISION E—FINANCIAL SERVICES AND GENERAL GOVERNMENT APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016


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TITLE VI

GENERAL PROVISIONS—THIS ACT

(INCLUDING RESCISSION)


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Sec. 629. During fiscal year 2016, none of the amounts made available by this Act may be used to finalize or implement the Safety Standard for Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles published by the Consumer Product Safety Commission in the Federal Register on November 19, 2014 (79 Fed. Reg. 68964) until after—

(1) the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, in consultation with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Department of Defense, completes a study to determine—

(A) the technical validity of the lateral stability and vehicle handling requirements proposed by such standard for purposes of reducing the risk of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle (referred to in this section as “ROV”) rollovers in the off-road environment, including the repeatability and reproducibility of testing for compliance with such requirements;

(B) the number of ROV rollovers that would be prevented if the proposed requirements were adopted;

(C) whether there is a technical basis for the proposal to provide information on a point-of-sale hangtag about a ROV’s rollover resistance on a progressive scale; and

(D) the effect on the utility of ROVs used by the United States military if the proposed requirements were adopted; and

(2) a report containing the results of the study completed under paragraph (1) is delivered to—

(A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate;

(B) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives;

(C) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.


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DIVISION H—DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

 

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TITLE II

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES


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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH


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OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR

For carrying out the responsibilities of the Office of the Director, NIH, $1,558,600,000, of which up to $30,000,000 may be used to carry out section 215 of this Act: Provided, That funding shall be available for the purchase of not to exceed 29 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only: Provided further, That all funds credited to the NIH Management Fund shall remain available for one fiscal year after the fiscal year in which they are deposited: Provided further, That $165,000,000 shall be for the National Children’s Study Follow-on: Provided further, That NIH shall submit a spend plan on the next phase of the study in the previous proviso to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act: Provided further, That $663,039,000 shall be available for the Common Fund established under section 402A(c)(1) of the PHS Act: Provided further, That of the funds provided, $10,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses when specifically approved by the Director of the NIH: Provided further, That the Office of AIDS Research within the Office of the Director of the NIH may spend up to $8,000,000 to make grants for construction or renovation of facilities as provided for in section 2354(a)(5)(B) of the PHS Act: Provided further, That up to $130,000,000 of the funds provided to the Common Fund are available to support the trans-NIH Precision Medicine Initiative: Provided further, That of the amount provided to the NIH, the Director of the NIH shall enter into an agreement with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, as part of the studies conducted under section 489 of the PHS Act, to conduct a comprehensive study on policies affecting the next generation of researchers in the United States: Provided further, That, of the funds from Institute, Center, and Office of the Director accounts within “Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health,” in order to strengthen privacy protections for human research participants, NIH shall require investigators receiving NIH funding for new and competing research projects designed to generate and analyze large volumes of data derived from human research participants to obtain a certificate of confidentiality.

In addition to other funds appropriated for the Common Fund established under section 402A(c) of the PHS Act, $12,600,000 is appropriated to the Common Fund from the 10-year Pediatric Research Initiative Fund described in section 9008 of title 26, United States Code, for the purpose of carrying out section 402(b)(7)(B)(ii) of the PHS Act (relating to pediatric research), as authorized in the Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act.


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EXPLANATORY STATEMENT SUBMITTED BY MR. ROGERS OF KENTUCKY, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS REGARDING HOUSE AMENDMENT #1 TO THE
SENATE AMENDMENT ON H.R. 9, CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016
(12/15/15)
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The following is an explanation of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016.


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DIVISION A- AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTIVES

The explanatory statement is silent on provisions that were in both the House Report (H.Rpt. 114-205) and Senate Report (S.Rpt. 114-82) that remain unchanged by this agreement, except as noted in this explanatory statement.

The agreement restates that executive branch wishes cannot substitute for Congress's own statements as to the best evidence of congressional intentions, which are the official reports of the Congress. The agreement further points out that funds in this Act must be used for the purposes for which appropriated, as required by section 1301 of title 31 of the United States Code, which provides: "Appropriations shall be applied only to the objects for which the appropriations were made except as otherwise provided by law."

The House and Senate report language that is not changed by the explanatory statement is approved and indicates congressional intentions. The explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein.


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TITLE I


AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS

PRODUCTION, PROCESSING, AND MARKETING

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)


The agreement provides $45,555,000 for the Office of the Secretary.

Congress continues to be concerned about the quality of scientific evidence and extraneous factors that were included in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s Scientific Report. Such concerns have been conveyed to the Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Health and Human Services in public hearings. To ensure the guidelines adhere to the nutritional and dietary scope of the law and are based upon sound science, bill language has been included clearly stating that the final guidelines cannot be released or implemented unless they are based upon significant scientific agreement and adhere to the statutory mandate.

Questions have been raised about the scientific integrity of the process in developing the dietary guidelines and whether balanced nutritional information is reaching the public. The entire process used to formulate and establish the guidelines needs to be reviewed before future guidelines are issued. It is imperative that the guidelines be based upon strong, balanced science and focus on providing consumers with dietary and nutritional information that will assist them in eating a healthy and balanced diet. At a minimum, the process should include: full transparency, a lack of bias, and the inclusion and consideration of all of the latest available research and scientific evidence, even that which challenges current dietary recommendations. The agreement provides $1,000,000 to review the dietary guideline process.

As the panel is selected to conduct the study, the agreement expects members of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee to recuse themselves from this process to ensure objectivity. The agreement encourages that stakeholders representing a wide range of viewpoints be engaged for input before the study begins in order to hear the various concerns surrounding the current process. The agreement directs the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Medicine to provide quarterly reports informing the Committees on the status of the study.


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FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE

CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

The agreement provides $22,149,746,000 for Child Nutrition Programs. Included in the total is an appropriated amount of $13,280,101,000 and a transfer from Section 32 of $8,869,645,000.

Section 741 provides an additional one-time increase of $5,000,000 for school meals equipment grants and $7,000,000 for summer EBT demonstration projects, bringing the total program levels for fiscal year 2016 to $30,000,000 and $23,000,000, respectively.

Concerns remain about the challenges and costs that local schools face in implementing the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Some schools are continuing to have difficulty complying with the whole grain requirements that went into effect on July 1, 2014, and there continues to be concern with further reductions in the sodium requirements for school meals. The Secretary provided guidance to States so that exemptions could be offered to school food authorities demonstrating a hardship from the current whole grain standards, as required by the fiscal year 2015 appropriations Act. This flexibility is extended for the 2016-17 school year. The agreement also continues a provision that sodium standards cannot be reduced below Target 1 until the latest scientific research establishes the reduction is beneficial for children.


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TITLE VI

RELATED AGENCIES AND FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES


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The agreement provides $1,000,000 for the Center for Tobacco Products to enter into a contract with the Institute of Medicine to conduct an in-depth evaluation of available evidence of health effects from e-cigarettes and recommendations for future federally funded research.


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DIVISION E—FINANCIAL SERVICES AND GENERAL GOVERNMENT APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

Language included in House Report 114-194 or Senate Report 114-97 that is not changed by this explanatory statement is approved. This explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, is not intended to negate the language referenced in the House and Senate Committee reports unless expressly provided herein.


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TITLE V—INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

The bill provides $3,100,000, to remain available until September 30, 2017, for the Administrative Conference of the United States.

CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

The bill includes $125,000,000 for the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Within the amount provided, $1,000,000 is for test burden reduction.

Recreational Off-highway Vehicles.— In lieu of House report language regarding Recreational Off-highway Vehicles (ROVs), the bill includes section 629 prohibiting the use of Federal funds in fiscal year 2016 for the adoption or implementation of the proposed rule on ROVs until a study by the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences is completed.

Voluntary Recalls and Public Disclosure.—The bill does not adopt House report language regarding voluntary recalls and public disclosures of information.


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TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS—THIS ACT (INCLUDING RESCISSION)

The bill includes the following provisions:

Section 629 prohibits funds from being used in fiscal year 2016 to finalize or implement the proposed rule on recreational off-highway vehicles until a study is completed by the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences.


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DIVISION G—DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

The following statement is an explanation of the effects of Division G, which makes appropriations for the Department of the Interior, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Forest Service, the Indian Health Service, and related agencies for fiscal year 2016. Report language contained in House Report 114-170 and Senate Report 114-70 providing specific guidance to agencies regarding the administration of appropriated funds and any corresponding reporting requirements carries the same emphasis as the language included in this explanatory statement and should be complied with unless specifically addressed to the contrary herein. This explanatory statement, while repeating some language for emphasis, is not intended to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein.


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TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT OF LANDS AND RESOURCES

The agreement provides $1,072,675,000 for Management of Lands and Resources. In addition to the funding allocation table at the end of this explanatory statement, the agreement includes the following instructions:

Wild Horses and Burros.—The Bureau is encouraged to continue to implement the reforms recommended by the 2013 AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences’ report, reduce the number of horses and burros in long-term holding, appropriately manage herds affected by drought, and address the effects of herds on rangeland, riparian areas, and sage-grouse habitat.


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TITLE II—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS AND MANAGEMENT

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Conflicts of Interest.—The Agency has not yet resolved long-standing questions regarding conflicts of interest that have spanned multiple Administrations. For fiscal year 2016, the Administrator shall develop a policy statement on science quality and integrity that shall be adhered to by the Science Advisory Board (SAB) and all Board members. Such policy statement shall be consistent with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the Ethics in Government Act, and all other applicable Federal laws and regulations. EPA’s policy statement should include goals on increasing membership from States and tribes who are often underrepresented, as noted in the May 2014 AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences review of EPA’s IRIS program. Should the Administrator decide that financial-related metrics are appropriate to identify conflicts-of-interest or bias, then EPA’s policy shall also include an evaluation of potential bias based on a variety of factors including receipt of former and current Federal grants or public statements or positions as well as other appropriate safeguards to ensure balance amongst SAB and other advisory board experts. In addition, the policy statement shall include direction on the treatment of public comments and responses to such comments.

When complete, the Committees direct EPA to submit the draft policy statement to the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) for review of the updated conflict of interest policy, policy for committee composition and balance, and eligibility requirements for service on the SAB that will ensure fairness and objectivity. GAO shall determine if the updated policies meet the intent of the directives above and, if so, shall certify to the Committees on Appropriations that EPA’s conflict of interest policies offer a balanced framework. The Agency is directed to submit these required documents to GAO for review no later than 90 days from the date of enactment of this Act.


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HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE SUPERFUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

The bill provides $1,088,769,000 for the Hazardous Substance Superfund account and includes bill language to transfer $9,939,000 to the Office of Inspector General account and $18,850,000 to the Science and Technology account. The bill provides the following additional direction:

Superfund Cleanup.—The Committees understand the funding is insufficient to eliminate the backlog of unfunded new starts but the Committees expect the Agency will use funds provided to initiate remediation at highly contaminated, orphan sites and support remedial pipeline activities that are critical prior to construction.

Financial Assurance.—Prior to proposing any rule pursuant to section 108(b) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9608(b)), the Administrator is directed to collect and analyze information from the commercial insurance and financial industries regarding the use and availability of necessary instruments (including surety bonds, letters of credit and insurance) for meeting any new financial responsibility requirements and to make that analysis available to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations and to the general public on the Agency website 90 days prior to a proposed rulemaking. In addition, the analysis shall include the Agency’s plan to avoid requiring financial assurances that are duplicative of those already required by other Federal agencies.

Lead at Superfund Sites.—The agreement includes the directive in the House and Senate Reports that the Agency contract with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences to conduct a study of lead at Superfund sites. The agreement narrows the scope of the study to Superfund sites within, adjacent or proximal to the nation’s largest lead mining districts. The Agency’s authority shall not be impacted during the pendency of the study.


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DIVISION H—DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

In implementing this agreement, the Departments and agencies should be guided by the language and instructions set forth in House Report 114-195 accompanying the House bill, H.R. 3020, and Senate Report 114-74 accompanying the Senate bill, S. 1695.

Where the explanatory statement speaks to an issue that was addressed in the House or Senate reports, the explanatory statement should supersede the language in the House or Senate reports. In cases where the House Report and the Senate Report address a particular issue not specifically cited in the explanatory statement, the House Report and the Senate Report should be complied with and carry the same emphasis as the language included in the explanatory statement.


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TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION

TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT SERVICES


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MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION

The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) is directed to provide assistance and data necessary for the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences study provided in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health account. MSHA is directed to report to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate and authorizing committees of jurisdiction within 72 hours of determining that compliance rates under the new sampling protocols taking effect in 2016 fall below 95 percent, and to provide such committees with quarterly reports on actual compliance rates under the new coal dust rule.


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TITLE II—DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH


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AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences (NAS) Review.—The agreement provides $1,800,000 within the Mining Research funding line and directs the NIOSH Director to charter a NAS review within 90 days of enactment of this Act. Specifically the NAS effort should examine and describe: current monitoring and sampling protocols and requirements to understand miners’ occupational exposure to respirable coal mine dust in the United States and other industrialized countries; coal mine dust composition and application procedures, including the impact of new rock dust mixtures and regulatory requirements; monitoring and sampling technologies, and sampling protocols and frequency; and the efficacy of those technologies and protocols in aiding decisions regarding the control of respirable coal mine dust and mine worker exposure. The NAS study will develop science-based conclusions regarding optimal monitoring and sampling strategies that support mine operational decision making as it relates to reducing miner respirable coal mine dust exposure. It is expected the report will be completed within 12 months after enactment of this Act.


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CDC WIDE ACTIVITIES


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Sodium Consumption.—The agreement notes that a growing body of evidence suggests low sodium consumption can lead to health problems in healthy individuals. The U.S. and Canadian governments each established Federal Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) Committees that work to identify DRI needs and coordinate government sponsorship of DRI reviews. The DRI’s reflect nutrient reference values, and are based on significant, new, and relevant data. In August 2014, four nutrient areas for updated DRIs were selected, including sodium. The agreement requests an update in the fiscal year 2017 budget request on the timeline and plan for the update of the DRI for sodium.

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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH


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NATIONAL CENTER FOR ADVANCING TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCES (NCATS)

Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA).—The agreement provides $500,000,000 for the CTSA program, an increase of $25,254,000 above fiscal year 2015, to implement the recommendations from the 2013 Institute of Medicine report on CTSA. In particular, the agreement supports the goal of using CTSA to build networking capacity and support for innovative collaborative projects. Additional funding is included to allow the program to retain its merit-based CTSA funding to institutions while expanding the network capacity to conduct multi-site clinical studies and collaborative projects.


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ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES

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CHILDREN AND FAMILIES SERVICES PROGRAMS

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Child Abuse and Neglect.—The agreement is aware of the recommendations contained within the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research report as well as other federally supported research. The agreement encourages the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), in conjunction with other relevant agencies in HHS, such as NIH or SAMHSA, to synthesize research done by IOM and other federal partners to identify gaps in this area and to develop a peer reviewed approach to address research gaps related to child abuse and neglect.

Child Welfare Research, Training and Demonstration.—The agreement includes funding within this program to continue the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being.

Social Services and Income Maintenance Research.—The agreement includes $750,000 for the Secretary to enter into an agreement with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences to provide an evidence-based, non-partisan analysis of the macroeconomic, health, and crime/social costs of child poverty, to study current efforts aimed at reducing poverty, and to propose recommendations with the goal of reducing the number of children living in poverty in the United States by half in 10 years.


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DIVISION L—TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2016

CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTIVES

The language and allocations set forth in the House report (House Report 114-129) and the Senate report (Senate Report 114-75) should be complied with unless specifically addressed to the contrary in this division or explanatory statement. Report language included by the House, which is not changed by this explanatory statement, and the Senate report language, which is not changed by this explanatory statement, is a result of the 2016 appropriations agreement. The explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein. In cases where the House or the Senate has directed the submission of a report, such report is to be submitted to both the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. The Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development are directed to notify the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations seven days prior to the announcement of a new program or authority. Any reprogramming requests must be submitted to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations no later than June 30, 2016.


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TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

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Comprehensive truck size and weight limits study.—The agreement includes a provision that requires the Secretary to transmit to Congress the final Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Limits Study, as mandated by MAP-21, within 60 days of enactment of this Act. The Department of Transportation released a Technical Report in June which examined six alternate truck configurations. The Transportation Research Board (TRB) has acknowledged that the Department’s efforts to conduct the study are hampered by data limitations; however, according to the TRB peer-review committee, the technical report lacks a consistent and complete quantitative summary of the evaluations of the alternative configuration scenarios and presents impact estimates using inconsistent units of measure which prevents the reader from weighing costs, benefits, and trade-offs. The TRB committee notes possible instances of bias, assumptions, and possible misinterpretation of data in the report. The Committees view the Technical Report, particularly the Department’s misrepresentation of the data limitations, as an unsatisfactory document that makes no progress on meeting the Department’s responsibilities under the MAP-21 mandate.


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SRpt 114-82 - To accompany S. 1800 – [M]aking appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.
(7/16/15)
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SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS, AND CHILDREN [WIC]


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COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS
 

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $6,513,000,000 for the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children [WIC].

The Committee recommendation fully funds estimated WIC participation in fiscal year 2016. The Committee recommendation includes $60,000,000 for breastfeeding support initiatives, $13,600,000 for infrastructure, and $55,000,000 for management information systems.

WIC Food Package.—The Committee understands the Department is working with the Institute of Medicine to make recommendations to update the WIC food packages to reflect current science and cultural factors. The Committee maintains its interest in the recommendations that will be made regarding the fish species that scientific evidence shows to be low in mercury and are in other respects nutritious, including wild salmon, for inclusion in WIC Food Packages IV, V, VI, and VII that serve children age 1 to 4 years and pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women. The Committee expects the Department to conduct a thorough and efficient review of this question and issue its final report in a timely manner.


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TITLE VI

RELATED AGENCY AND FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION


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Sodium.—The Committee is concerned about FDA’s continued focus on voluntary sodium reductions and the Institute of Medicine’s [IOM] 2010 recommendation to modify the Generally Recognized as Safe [GRAS] status of sodium, particularly given the ongoing scientific discussion regarding appropriate sodium intake to maintain positive health. The IOM published a more recent study in 2013, which concluded additional research may provide further information with respect to the health effects of sodium intake on general and sub populations. The Committee recommends that a panel be convened, at the IOM or another leading Federal institution, which includes a representative array of research perspectives, including those who have raised concerns on the safety of low-sodium diets. The Committee does not believe any sodium reduction activities should be finalized until the disagreement between the impact of lower sodium on blood pressure (and an extrapolation to health) and direct research suggesting a negative impact of very low-sodium intakes is resolved.


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HRpt 114-194 - To accompany H.R. 2995 – [M]aking appropriations for financial services and general government for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016.
(7/9/15)
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CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES


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COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION
 

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $122,000,000 for the CPSC for fiscal year 2016. Within the amount provided under this heading, $700,000 is for CPSC to contract with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences and in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to study the vehicle handling requirements proposed by the Commission for recreational off-highway vehicles. The Committee directs CPSC to submit the report to the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate within 120 days of enactment of this Act.


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SRpt 114-97 - To accompany S. 1910 – [M]aking appropriations for financial services and general government for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon without amendment and recommends that the bill do pass.
(7/30/15)
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CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES


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COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION


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Recreational Off-highway Vehicles.—The Committee is concerned with the Commission’s decision to pursue a rulemaking regarding recreational off-highway vehicles [ROVs]. The Committee notes the ROV industry recently updated its voluntary standards and continues to evaluate potential design enhancements to improve rider safety. Numerous industry groups, stakeholders, and lawmakers have expressed concerns regarding the Commission’s methods of evaluating data and ensuring an open and transparent process. The bill includes provisions in title VI to require the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences, in consultation with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Department of Defense, to examine the proposed mandatory design standards prior to CPSC finalizing any rulemaking.

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FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

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COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

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Sports Concussion.—According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that can occur in any sport or recreation activity.

Given the potential for real injury to children, the Committee encourages the FTC to remain vigilant in its enforcement efforts against potential unfair and deceptive practices related to sports concussion. The FTC should review any AffiliateMarketIngtools’ report on sports-related concussions in youth for any matter that may inform efforts to protect consumers from unfair or deceptive practices in or affecting commerce.

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HRpt 114-170 - To accompany H.R. 2822 – [M]aking appropriations for the Department of the Interior, the Environmental Protection Agency, and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016.
(6/18/15)
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TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT OF LANDS AND RESOURCES

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Wild Horse and Burro Management.—The Committee recommends $77,245,000 to implement Public Law 92-195 (16 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.) requiring the protection, management, and control of free-roaming horses and burros on public lands, equal to the fiscal year 2015 enacted level and $3,310,000 below the budget request.

Within this amount, the Committee recommends $1,000,000 to continue to study and test the feasibility of implementing a scientifically sound and humane sterilization program in partnership with universities and non-profit organizations. The Committee supports continued research to develop and refine a variety of fertility-control methods, including immunocontraceptives, which allow for self-sustaining populations of wild horses and burros while maintaining the genetic viability of the protected herds.

The Committee also remains concerned about the large number of horses that are held in long-term holding. Given the increasing costs of operating the program, the Committee encourages BLM to increase the development and use of population control measures and to begin implementation of the recommendations of the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences regarding the use of currently available fertility control methods while research continues.

The bill continues a prohibition on funds to implement Section 1333(b)(2)(C) of Title 16, United States Code, requiring the humane destruction of excess animals that are not adopted. The bill also continues a general provision within Title I allowing the BLM to enter into long-term contracts and agreements for holding facilities off the range.

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TITLE II—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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Validation and Reproducibility of Scientifically Significant Studies.—The AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences has acknowledged that reproducibility of research results is fundamental to the scientific process. The Committee understands that EPA is likely to rely on the findings of the Zhang et al. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2010 Jan; 19(1); 80-88) study for scientifically significant decisions in fiscal year 2016. This study, however, has drawn criticisms about its methods and interpretations. Given the public health importance of the findings of this study, validation of the findings is crucial. Therefore, EPA is directed to develop a peer-reviewed protocol to replicate the scientific findings of this study. Following development of the protocol, the Agency is directed to issue a request for proposals and award a contract to conduct this replication study. Further, EPA is directed to incorporate the results of the replication study into any draft or final scientific assessments prior to making such assessments publicly available.


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HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE SUPERFUND

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Lead at Superfund Sites.—Using the funds provided, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall contract with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences to conduct a study of the sources of lead in the environment at each designated Superfund site that is proximal to a historic surface lead mining district. The study shall focus on whether naturally occurring lead, lead-based paint, and the consumer use of products containing lead are significant sources of lead at such sites. The Administrator shall transmit to Congress a report containing the results of the study not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act.


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SRpt 114-70 - To accompany S. 1645 – [M]aking appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.
(6/23/15)
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TITLE II

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


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Integrated Risk Information System.—The Committee appreciates the work of the Agency to implement the 2011 AffiliateMarketIngtools of Science’s Chapter 7 recommendations for the Integrated Risk Information System [IRIS], but is concerned that the recommendations have not been fully implemented. Specifically, the concerns relate to: transparent frameworks for problem formulation; processes for study selection, particularly data quality and relevance; use of a robust weight of the evidence process for applying scientific findings; and, apparent continued reliance on default linear modeling approaches to hazard determinations. In an effort to ensure that the IRIS program uses the best available science, the Committee encourages the Agency to implement the Chapter 7 recommendations as soon as possible.

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Validation of Scientifically Significant Studies.—The AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences has acknowledged that reproducibility of research results is fundamental to the scientific process. The Committee understands that EPA is likely to include the findings of the Zhang et al (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; Jan; 19(1):80-88) study for scientifically significant decisions in fiscal year 2016. The study, however, has drawn criticisms about its methods and interpretations. Given the public health importance of the findings of this study, validation of the findings is important. The Agency is directed to ensure that the Science Advisory Board Chemical Assessment Advisory Committee [SAB CAAC] specifically addresses the strengths and limitations of the Zhang et al. study during their peer review and takes this evaluation into account in their review of the total body of evidence for the carcinogenicity of formaldehyde.


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HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE SUPERFUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

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Lead at Superfund Sites.—Using the funds provided, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall contract with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences to conduct a study of the sources of lead in the environment at each designated Superfund site that is proximal to a historic surface lead mining district. The study shall focus on whether naturally occurring lead, lead-based paint, and the consumer use of products containing lead are significant sources of lead at such sites. The Administrator shall transmit to Congress a report containing the results of the study not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this act.

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HRpt 114-195 - To accompany H.R. 3020 – [M]aking appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services (except the Food and Drug Administration, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and the Indian Health Service), Education, Committee for Purchase from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled, Corporation for National and Community Service, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, Institute of Museum and Library Services, Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, National Council on Disability, National Labor Relations Board, National Mediation Board, Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, Railroad Retirement Board, and the Social Security Administration for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes.
(7/10/15)
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TITLE II—DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES


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CROSS-CUTTING ACTIVITIES

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Institute of Medicine (IOM) Review.—The Committee is concerned about the focus on the reduction of sodium as a growing body of evidence suggest low sodium consumption can lead to health problems in healthy individuals. The Committee includes bill language that requires the CDC Director to engage the IOM to develop a report on the safe sodium intake for healthy individuals from the funds provided. The review and report shall determine the blood pressure effect and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) implications for healthy people consuming sodium at 3,000 mg or less per day. The Committee expects CDC to not undertake sodium reduction activities below 3,000 mg per day until the science is formally considered surrounding healthy and safe sodium intake, especially for healthy individuals, and the impact of lower sodium on blood pressure (and an extrapolation to health), including direct research suggesting a negative impact of lower sodium on health. To ensure that the report is free from bias, the Committee recommends that panelists be chosen, where possible, from individuals that have not previously published on the issue. To the extent that a panelist has published, care must be taken to balance that viewpoint with a contrary viewpoint. Since the debate involves the modeling and extrapolation of data sets, the committee recommends panelists with an expertise in medical statistical analysis. The Committee expects the Director to charter the IOM review within 90 days of enactment.


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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE (NIDA)


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Opioid Drug Abuse.—The Committee remains concerned about prescription drug abuse, specifically the misuse of orally administered opioid drugs. According to some reports, more than 35 million Americans have abused prescription opioids at some point in their lifetimes. The June 2011 Institute of Medicine report on relieving pain indicates that such abuse and misuse resulted in an annual estimated cost to the Nation of $72.5 billion. The Committee expects NIDA to continue to support meritorious scientific activities related to research on medications to alleviate pain with reduced abuse liability and, as appropriate, to work with private partners on innovative research into such medications. In addition, NIDA should continue to fund research to better prevent and treat prescription drug abuse and to coordinate with CDC to help identify scientific research gaps. The Committee requests an update in the fiscal year 2017 budget request on the activities related to addressing the opioid drug abuse problem.

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OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR (OD)


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National Children’s Study Alternative.—The Committee was disappointed that NIH determined it was not feasible for NIH to implement the National Children’s Study (NCS) as originally conceived. The NCS was intended to be a 25 year longitudinal birth cohort observational study with the overall goal of improving child health and well-being and identifying antecedents of healthy adulthood by examining the effects of a broad range of environmental, behavioral, and biological factors. The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) June 2014 report noted the NCS’ goals and mission had the potential to add to the scientific knowledge of children’s health and development. The Committee directs and provides funding for continuation of the NCS in an alternative form called the National Children’s Study Alternative (NCS-A). The NIH is directed to work in consultation with pediatric groups to develop a series of alternative research activities that build on NCS data and the overarching goals of the NCS to address the developmental origins of health and disease through a series of studies (including longitudinal) that incorporate expertise in biology and epidemiology, integrate basic science, and leverage maternal/infant cohorts, either de novo or from extant networks. NIH is expected to focus on at least prematurity, obesity, autism, asthma, and pediatric rare diseases like cancer. The Committee expects NIH to obtain data, biological samples, and specimens that can ultimately improve child health and well-being. The Committee understands that such a program can be built by leveraging existing cohort studies by expanding or adding study components; supporting projects with smaller cohorts that can investigate unique, disease-specific questions; expanding studies to increase sample size; and using or expanding pediatric networks and extant programs to include a focus on pediatric health.

The Committee directs NIH to draw on the lessons learned from the NCS as it develops a long-term plan for the NCS-A, and to establish an advisory panel with outside pediatric experts. Within 180 days of enactment, NIH is directed to submit and make public a NCS-A 10-year plan that includes milestones, goals, objectives, and projected funding estimates. The Committee urges NIH to review the plan at least every five years in a manner that obtains public input and that allows for flexibility to expand or adjust the focus areas based on the state of the science and the best impact on children’s health. In addition, NIH shall ensure it establishes and maintains a tracking system to ensure these funds do not supplant but supplement other children’s research on-going or planned by NIH. Finally, NIH shall report on the NCS-A in the annual budget request.


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CHILDREN AND FAMILIES SERVICES PROGRAMS

The Children and Families Services programs fund activities serving children, youth, families, the developmentally disabled, Native Americans, victims of child abuse and neglect and domestic violence, and other vulnerable populations.

The Committee recommendation below for “Social Services/Income Maintenance Research” includes $750,000 for the Secretary to enter into an agreement with the AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences to provide an evidence-based, non-partisan analysis of the macroeconomic, health, and crime/social costs of child poverty, to study current efforts aimed at reducing poverty, and to propose recommendations with the goal of reducing the number of children living in poverty in the United States by half in 10 years.


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SRpt 114-74 - To accompany S. 1695 – [M]aking appropriations for Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon without amendment and recommends that the bill do pass.
(6/25/15)
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CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

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Ovarian Cancer.—The Committee commends the CDC for its work to evaluate existing risk assessment tools and directs CDC in their fiscal year 2017 CJ, to include the findings of this review along with recommendations on how CDC can support the deployment of the tools found to have the greatest value and utility. In addition, the Committee directs CDC to provide a report within 90 days after enactment of this act to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate on the Institute of Medicine’s review of the state of the sciences in ovarian cancer research.


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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

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NATIONAL CENTER FOR ADVANCING TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCES

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Clinical and Translational Science Awards [CTSA].—The Committee supports the goals of the CTSA program and believes the principles that serve as the foundation of NCATS—public-private partnerships, community outreach, faster access to clinical trials, and distributed patient cohorts—have tremendous potential for addressing the long-standing scientific and operational problems associated with getting treatments to patients, including those with health disparities. Recognizing the value and importance of supporting the full spectrum of medical research, the Committee encourages NCATS to build meaningful relationships between clinical and translational research programs and the various Institutes and Centers. NCATS is encouraged to work closely with the CTSA community and related stakeholders moving forward to continue to identify emerging opportunities and areas for programmatic improvement. Further, the Committee encourages NIH to fund CTSAs with a history of serving health disparity populations, as well as CTSAs that address the unmet needs associated with rare diseases, so that research funding provided through the various Institutes can be leveraged to address the clinical and translational research challenges associated with those populations.

The Committee provides $499,746,000 for the CTSA program, an increase of $25,000,000 above the fiscal year 2015 level for NCATS to implement the recommendations from the 2013 Institute of Medicine report on the CTSA program. In particular, the Committee supports the goal of the CTSA program to build networking capacity and innovative collaborative projects. Additional funding is included to allow the program to retain its merit-based CTSA funding to institutions while expanding the network capacity to conduct multi-site clinical studies and collaborative projects.

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OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR

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Next Generation Research Initiative.—The AffiliateMarketIngtools of Sciences [NAS] will conduct an evaluation of the legislative, administrative, educational, and cultural barriers to providing for a successful next generation of researchers to be completed no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this act. The Committee appropriates $1,200,000 for this purpose. The Committee directs the NAS to submit to the Director of NIH and the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate the results of the study which shall include: (A) an evaluation of the legislative, administrative, educational, and cultural barriers faced by the next generation of researchers; (B) an evaluation of the impact of Federal budget constraints on the next generation of researchers; and (C) recommendations for the implementation of policies to incentivize, improve entry into, and sustain careers in research for the next generation of researchers, including proposed policies for agencies and academic institutions.

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SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME PROGRAM

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Medical Vocational Guidelines.—The Committee is encouraged that SSA plans to issue an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on the need to update the medical-vocational guidelines, including seeking input from the Disability Research Consortium; the Institute of Medicine; and other medical, aging, employment, and disability experts. These guidelines play a key role in SSA’s disability determination process but have not been updated since they were established in 1978. The Committee directs SSA to provide a report to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate, no later than 60 days after the enactment of this act, on its plan for updating the medical vocational guidelines.

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